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Module Netdate


module Netdate: sig .. end
Support for common date/time parsing and formatting. Many routines refer to the epoch, which for Unix is 00:00:00 UTC, January 1, 1970.


type t = {
   year : int; (*complete year*)
   month : int; (*1..12*)
   day : int; (*1..31*)
   hour : int;
   minute : int;
   second : int;
   zone : int; (*in minutes; 60 = UTC+0100*)
   week_day : int; (*0 = sunday; -1 if not given*)
}
val localzone : int
The offset in minutes for the local time zone from the UTC
val create : ?zone:int -> float -> t
Convert the time (seconds since the epoch) to a date/time record
val parse : ?zone:int -> string -> t
Parse a string and return a date/time record.

The following particles are recognized (by example):

  • Date: 1971/06/22
  • Date: 06/22/1971
  • Date: 1971-06-22
  • Date: 22-June-1971
  • Date: 22.06.1971
  • Date: June 22, 1971
  • Date: 22 June 1971
  • Date (2 digit year): 06/22/71
  • Date (2 digit year): 22.06.71
  • Date (2 digit year): 71-06-22
  • Date (2 digit year): 22-June-71
  • Month names (June, Jun)
  • Weekday names (Monday, Mon)
  • Time: 14:55
  • Time: 14:55:28
  • Time: 14:55:28.6754 (the fractional part is not returned)
  • Time may be preceded by T
  • Time zone: identifiers like UTC, CET, or Z
  • Time zone: +01:00, -01:00, only following time
  • Time zone: +0100, -0100, only following time
Years must have 2 or 4 digits. 2-digit years >= 70 are interpreted as 1900+x. 2-digit years < 70 are interpreted as 2000+x. Support for 2-digit years will be removed in a future version of Ocamlnet. (Support for 3-digit years is already removed in Ocamlnet 3.0.)

Only English names of months and weekdays are recognized.

A date must be given. Time, time zones, and weekdays are optional. A missing time is reported as "00:00:00". A missing weekday is reported by setting week_day=(-1). A missing time zone is reported by setting zone to the passed default.

It is not checked whether the parsed numbers make sense (e.g. whether months are between 1 and 12).

Date/time strings as defined in RFC 3339 are supported since Ocamlnet 3.0.

val since_epoch : t -> float
Convert a date/time record into the time (seconds since the epoch)
val parse_epoch : ?zone:int -> string -> float
Parse a string and return the time (seconds since the epoch
val format_to : Netchannels.out_obj_channel -> fmt:string -> t -> unit
Format a date/time record according to the format string and outputs the resulting string to the channel.

The format string consists of zero or more conversion specifications and ordinary characters. All ordinary characters are output directly to the channel. A conversion specification consists of the '%' character and one other character.

The conversion specifications are:

  • %A: full weekday name.
  • %a: abbreviated weekday name.
  • %B: full month name.
  • %b: abbreviated month name.
  • %C: (year / 100) as an integer; single digits are preceded by a zero.
  • %c: equivalent to "%a %b %e %T %Y".
  • %D: equivalent to "%m/%d/%y".
  • %d: day of the month as an integer (01-31); single digits are preceded by a zero.
  • %e: day of the month as an integer (1-31).
  • %H: hour (24-hour clock) as an integer (00-23).
  • %h: the same as %b.
  • %I: hour (12-hour clock) as an integer (01-12).
  • %j: day of the year as an integer (001-366).
  • %k: hour (24-hour clock) as an integer (0-23); single digits are preceded by a blank.
  • %l: hour (12-hour clock) as an integer (1-12); single digits are preceded by a blank.
  • %M: minute as an integer (00-59).
  • %m: month as an integer (01-12).
  • %n: a newline.
  • %p: either "AM" or "PM" as appropriate.
  • %P: either "am" or "pm" as appropriate.
  • %R: equivalent to "%H:%M".
  • %r: equivalent to "%I:%M:%S %p".
  • %S: second as an integer (00-60).
  • %T: equivalent to "%H:%M:%S".
  • %t: a tab.
  • %U: week number of the year (Sunday as the first day of the week) as an integer (00-53).
  • %u weekday (Monday as the first day of the week) as an integer (1-7).
  • %w: weekday (Sunday as the first day of the week) as an integer (0-6).
  • %X: representation of the time.
  • %x: representation of the date.
  • %Y: year with century as an integer.
  • %y: year without century as an integer (00-99).
  • %z: time zone offset from UTC; a leading plus sign stands for east of UTC, a minus sign for west of UTC, hours and minutes follow with two digits each and no delimiter between them (common form for RFC 822 date headers).
  • %:z: time zone with colon, e.g. +05:00 (new since Ocamlnet 3)
  • %%: a `%' character.

val format : fmt:string -> t -> string
Format a date/time record as a string
val mk_mail_date : ?zone:int -> float -> string
Convert the time (seconds since the epoch) to a date string that conforms to RFC 1123 (which updates RFC 822).

Example: "Sun, 06 Nov 1994 08:49:37 -0500".

val mk_usenet_date : ?zone:int -> float -> string
Convert the time (seconds since the epoch) to a date string that conforms to RFC 1036 (which obsoletes RFC 850).

Example: "Sunday, 06-Nov-94 08:49:37 -0500".

Note that this format has only two digits for the year.

val mk_internet_date : ?zone:int -> float -> string
Convert the time (seconds since the epoch) to a date string that conforms to RFC 3339. This is the most modern format, and should be used if permitted by the network protocol.

Example: "1996-12-19T16:39:57.89-08:00".

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