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Class type Pxp_reader.resolver

class type resolver = object .. end

method init_rep_encoding : Pxp_types.rep_encoding -> unit
A resolver can open an input source, and returns this source as Lexing.lexbuf (and as its advanced version, Netulex.ULB.unicode_lexbuf).

After creating a resolver, one must invoke the two methods init_rep_encoding and init_warner to set the internal encoding of strings and the warner object, respectively. This is normally already done by the parsing core. It is not necessary to invoke these two methods for a fresh clone.

It is possible that the character encoding of the source and the internal encoding of the parser are different. To cope with this, one of the tasks of the resolver is to recode the characters of the input source into the internal character encoding.

Note that there are several ways of determining the encoding of the input: (1) It is possible that the transport protocol (e.g. HTTP) transmits the encoding, and (2) it is possible to inspect the beginning of the file, and to analyze:

  • (2.1) The first two bytes indicate whether UTF-16 is used
  • (2.2) Otherwise, one can assume that an ASCII-compatible character set is used. It is now possible to read the XML declaration <?xml ... encoding="xyz" ...?>. The encoding found here is to be used.
  • (2.3) If the XML declaration is missing, the encoding is UTF-8.
The resolver needs only to distinguish between cases (1), (2.1), and the rest. The details of analyzing whether (2.2) or (2.3) applies are programmed elsewhere, and the resolver will be told the result (see below).

A resolver is like a file: it must be opened before one can work with it, and it should be closed after all operations on it have been done. The method open_rid is called with the resolver ID as argument and it must return the lexbuf reading from the external resource. (There is also the old method open_in that expects an ext_id as argument. It is less powerful and should not be used any longer.) The method close_in does not require an argument.

It is allowed to re-open a resolver after it has been closed. It is forbidden to open a resolver again while it is open. It is allowed to close a resolver several times: If close_in is invoked while the resolver is already closed, nothing happens.

The method open_rid may raise Not_competent to indicate that this resolver is not able to open this type of IDs.

If open_rid gets a PUBLIC ID, it can be assumed that the string is already normalized (concerning whitespace).

The method change_encoding is called from the parser after the analysis of case (2) has been done; the argument is either the string name of the encoding, or the empty string to indicate that no XML declaration was found. It is guaranteed that change_encoding is invoked after only a few tokens of the file. The resolver should react as follows:

  • If case (1) applies: Ignore the encoding passed to change_encoding.
  • If case (2.1) applies: The encoding passed to change_encoding must be compatible with UTF-16. This should be checked, and violations should be reported.
  • Else: If the passed encoding is "", assume UTF-8. Otherwise, assume the passed encoding.
The following rule helps synchronizing the lexbuf with the encoding: If the resolver has been opened, but change_encoding has not yet been invoked, the lexbuf contains at most one character (which may be represented by multiple bytes); i.e. the lexbuf is created by Lexing.from_function, and the function puts only one character into the buffer at once. After change_encoding has been invoked, there is no longer a limit on the lexbuf size.

The reason for this rule is that you know exactly the character where the encoding changes to the encoding passed by change_encoding.

The method clone may be invoked for open or closed resolvers. Basically, clone returns a new resolver which is always closed. If the original resolver is already closed, the clone is simply a clone. If the original resolver is open at the moment of cloning, this applies: If the clone is later opened for a relative system ID (i.e. relative URL), the clone must interpret this ID relative to the ID of the original resolver.

method init_warner : Pxp_types.symbolic_warnings option ->
Pxp_types.collect_warnings -> unit
method rep_encoding : Pxp_types.rep_encoding
Return the representation encoding, as set by init_rep_encoding
method open_in : Pxp_types.ext_id -> lexer_source
This is the old method to open a resolver. It is superseded by open_rid. This method may raise Not_competent if the object does not know how to handle this ext_id.
method open_rid : Pxp_types.resolver_id -> lexer_source
This is the new method to open a resolver. It takes a resolver ID instead of an ext_id but works in the same way.
method close_in : unit
Closes the resolver
method change_encoding : string -> unit
Changes the external encoding. See above for details
method clone : resolver
Every resolver can be cloned. The clone does not inherit the connection with the external object, i.e. it is initially closed.
method active_id : Pxp_types.resolver_id
Returns the actually used resolver ID. This is the ID passed to open_rid where unused components have been set to None. The resolver ID returned by active_id plays an important role when expanding relative URLs.
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