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Module Uq_client

module Uq_client: sig .. end

Support for socket clients

Note that Win32 named pipes are also supported by the following API's, although they are not sockets. These pipes have a feature set comparable to Unix domain sockets.

type inetspec = [ `Sock_inet of Unix.socket_type * Unix.inet_addr * int
| `Sock_inet_byname of Unix.socket_type * string * int ]
type sockspec = [ `Sock_inet of Unix.socket_type * Unix.inet_addr * int
| `Sock_inet_byname of Unix.socket_type * string * int
| `Sock_unix of Unix.socket_type * string ]

Extended names for socket addresses. Currently, these naming schemes are supported:

  • `Sock_unix(stype,path): Names the Unix domain socket at path. The socket type stype is an auxiliary piece of information, but not a distinguishing part of the name. path = "" refers to anonymous sockets. Otherwise, the path must be an absolute path name.
  • `Sock_inet(stype,addr,port): Names the Internet socket of type stype bound to the IP address addr and the port. If stype = Unix.SOCK_STREAM, a TCP socket is meant, and if stype = Unix.SOCK_DGRAM, a UDP socket is meant. It is allowed that addr = Unix.inet_addr_any. If port = 0, the name is to be considered as incomplete.
  • `Sock_inet_byname(stype,name,port): Names the Internet socket of type stype bound to the IP address corresponding to the name, and bound to the port. It is unspecified which naming service is used to resolve name to an IP address, and how it is used. If the name cannot be resolved, no socket is meant; this is usually an error. stype is interpreted as for `Sock_inet. If port = 0, the name is to be considered as incomplete.

It is currently not possible to name IP sockets that are bound to several IP addresses but not all IP addresses of the host.

val sockspec_of_sockaddr : Unix.socket_type -> Unix.sockaddr -> sockspec

Converts a normal socket address to the extended form

val sockspec_of_socksymbol : Unix.socket_type -> Netsockaddr.socksymbol -> sockspec

Converts a Netsockaddr.socksymbol to this form

type connect_address = [ `Command of string * (int -> Unixqueue.event_system -> unit)
| `Socket of sockspec * connect_options
| `W32_pipe of Netsys_win32.pipe_mode * string ]

Specifies the service to connect to:

  • `Socket(addr,opts): Connect to the passed socket address
  • `Command(cmd,handler): The cmd is started with the shell, and stdin and stdout are used to transfer data to the process and from the process, respectively. Only SOCK_STREAM type is supported. Note that the passed file descriptors are normal pipes, not sockets (so the descriptors can be individually closed). There is not any kind of error detection, so the command should be failsafe. stderr of the command is connected with stderr of the caller process. No provisions are taken to wait for the process; this is the task of the caller. After the process has been started, the handler is invoked with the process ID and the event system to give the caller a chance to arrange that the process will be waited for.
  • `W32_pipe(mode,name): A Win32 named pipe
type connect_options = Uq_engines.connect_options = {
   conn_bind : sockspec option; (*

Bind the connecting socket to this address (same family as the connected socket required). None: Use an anonymous port.

val default_connect_options : connect_options

Returns the default options

type connect_status = [ `Command of Unix.file_descr * int
| `Socket of Unix.file_descr * sockspec
| `W32_pipe of Unix.file_descr ]

This type corresponds with Uq_engines.connect_address: An engine connecting with an address `X will return a status of `X.

  • `Socket(fd,addr): fd is the client socket connected with the service. addr is the socket address of the client that must be used by the server to reach the client.
  • `Command(fd, pid): fd is the Unix domain socket connected with the running command. pid is the process ID.
  • `W32_pipe fd: fd is the proxy descriptor of the connected Win32 named pipe endpoint. See Netsys_win32 how to get the w32_pipe object to access the pipe. The proxy descriptor cannot be used for I/O.
val client_endpoint : connect_status -> Unix.file_descr

Returns the client endpoint contained in the connect_status

val client_channel : Uq_engines.connect_status -> float -> Netchannels.raw_io_channel

client_channel st timeout: returns a bidirectional channel for st that times out after timeout seconds of waiting.

class type client_endpoint_connector = object .. end

This class type provides engines to connect to a service.

val connect_e : ?proxy:#Uq_engines.client_endpoint_connector ->
Uq_engines.connect_address ->
Unixqueue.event_system -> Uq_engines.connect_status Uq_engines.engine

This engine connects to a socket as specified by the connect_address, optionally using the proxy, and changes to the state `Done(status) when the connection is established.

If the proxy does not support the connect_address, the class will raise Addressing_method_not_supported.

The descriptor fd (part of the connect_status) is in non-blocking mode, and the close-on-exec flag is set. It is the task of the caller to close this descriptor.

The engine attaches automatically to the event system, and detaches when it is possible to do so. This depends on the type of the connection method. For direct socket connections, the engine can often detach immediately when the conection is established. For proxy connections it is required that the engine copies data to and from the file descriptor. In this case, the engine detaches when the file descriptor is closed.

It is possible that name service queries block execution.

If name resolution fails, the engine will enter `Error(Uq_resolver.Host_not_found name).

val connect : ?proxy:#Uq_engines.client_endpoint_connector ->
Uq_engines.connect_address -> float -> Uq_engines.connect_status

connect addr tmo: Runs connect_e for this addr, and returns the result. After tmo seconds, Uq_engines.Timeout will be raised.

Example of using connect_e: This engine e connects to the "echo" service as provided by inetd, sends a line of data to it, and awaits the response.

	let e =
	    (`Socket(`Sock_inet_byname(Unix.SOCK_STREAM, "localhost", 7),
	  ++ (fun cs ->
		match cs with
		  | `Socket(fd,_) ->
		      let mplex =
			  fd esys in
		      let d_unbuf = `Multiplex mplex in
		      let d = `Buffer_in(Uq_io.create_in_buffer d_unbuf) in
		      Uq_io.output_string_e d_unbuf "This is line1\n"
		      ++ (fun () ->
			    Uq_io.input_line_e d 
			    ++ (fun s ->
				  print_endline s;
				  eps_e (`Done()) esys
		  | _ -> assert false
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